What is modern agriculture?
Let’s explain the concepts
Let’s implement new technologies
Modern agriculture is based on methods and technologies that can be used to improve efficiency, sustainable development and safety of agricultural production. The most popular issues on which modern farms are based are:
- precision farming,
- no-tillage cultivation,
- organic farming,
- hydroponic cultivation,
- cultivation under cover.
Precision farming is an agricultural production management system that uses information and communication technologies to collect and analyze crop and environmental data. This data is then used to make decisions about fertilization, fertilization, irrigation and plant protection. Precision farming allows you to increase the efficiency of agricultural production, reduce the use of chemicals and improve the quality of agricultural products.
No-tillage is a method of cultivating the soil without loosening the soil. It involves the use of machinery to break up the soil and introduce fertilizers and pesticides directly into the soil. No-till farming allows you to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve soil structure and increase water retention in the soil.
Organic farming is a method of agricultural production that does not use chemical plant protection products, artificial fertilizers and pesticides. It involves the use of natural farming methods such as manure, compost and organic fertilization. Organic farming allows for the production of healthy and safe agricultural products that are environmentally friendly.
Hydroponic cultivation is a method of growing plants without the use of soil. It involves placing plant roots in an aqueous solution with appropriate nutrients. Hydroponic cultivation allows you to increase the efficiency of agricultural production, reduce water consumption and improve the quality of agricultural products.
Cultivation under cover is a method of growing plants in greenhouses or polytunnels. It consists in protecting plants against the harmful effects of weather conditions, such as frost, rain and wind. Cultivation under cover allows for extending the growing season, increasing the efficiency of agricultural production and improving the quality of agricultural products.
The agricultural technology pathways discussed in the paragraph above have great potential to increase efficiency, sustainability and security of agricultural production. However, their implementation requires significant financial outlays and changes in farmers’ habits. Governments and financial institutions should support farmers in implementing new technologies to provide food for the growing world population.