1. Is natural solid wood still popular?
2. The production of contemporary furniture is based on the so-called plywood?
3. Laminated boards. Is it worth producing them?
4. Modern production – better and better adhesives in the furniture industry
The production of contemporary furniture looks different than at the end of the 90s. Changes in production occurred mainly because manufacturers found solid wood furniture too expensive. Most people today do not appreciate expensive nobility anymore, but consider a low price as an advantage, even in the case of inferior quality furniture. The voice of ecologists is also important here. Undoubtedly, natural wood is an expensive product, and in the case of processing – non-ecological. Statistically 25% of natural wood goes to solid wood furniture.
Why is it like that? Because when processing wood, there is more sawdust, dust and other waste than the actual product. Further wood losses occur during strictly workshop processing. Quite simply, wishing to make furniture in accordance with the design, it is unlikely that the tree will not be wasted. Cutting sections, turning while planing, cutting joints and final cleaning – such production is inefficient, non-ecological and expensive.
It is worth emphasizing that the production of contemporary furniture takes place in a “band” manner. It consists in the fact that the carpenter himself does not produce furniture from A to Z. Someone else is involved in the production of plywood and boards, and who else is commissioned to design, which in the final stage will be done by the carpentry shop’s employees. Plywood, also known as plywood (German Dicte), is a raw material obtained during the crossing of many thin layers of wood, the so-called addictions. It usually consists of an odd number of them. Manufacturers of plywood (MDF boards) usually make them from various types of wood. These are, for example: pine, alder, birch, rarely beech or waste from exotic trees.
During the production of plywood, the pieces of wood are removed from the log in rotation, using a long knife. It is attached to a lathe. The so-called a veneer (a piece of wood) can be quite wide. It is especially useful when there is a need to adjust the plywood size to the project. Contemporary furniture manufacturers therefore propose plywood instead of solid wood not only because of the lower price of the finished product. It’s also about economics. Manufacturers continue to tool the trunk until only the post-like center remains.
The production process of a laminated board is analogous to the production of plywood. In this case, both the core material and the outer layers are gradually peeled off. When it comes to the production of chipboard, the wood is cut into fine chips. As a result, the producers subject them to a drying and pressing process, and finally glue the sawdust into boards with resin glue. If there is a natural grain, veneer manufacturers cut it flat from the prism. In this way, they make a longitudinal section to preserve the beauty of the rings.
In addition, chipboard manufacturers have to cut them, as trimming the edges by hand almost always damages the product. Therefore, when a panel of a certain size is required, workers cut it accordingly. Then the end product will be perfect. This is only possible if you have an adjustable precision saw. In addition, the device requires blades with tungsten teeth that are wear-resistant. The same rules apply to any plywood or laminated board joined with a resin glue.
The product that undoubtedly affects the durability of the furniture is the glue that connects individual elements. Manufacturers introduced a new type of glue to the market. In its chemical composition, it contains waterproof substances. It is also resistant to cold. Therefore, you can avoid complications that could occur in the case of the need to heat the joints during the assembly of furniture. An additional advantage of modern adhesives is the fact that they can be hardened under the influence of heat within a few minutes.